A person who is trained to serve a spacecraft is known as an astronaut. Until 2002, these astronauts were trained by the government only but after 2004, some private organizations also started to train astronauts. The astronauts that are trained by private organizations are known as commercial astronauts. If you don’t have enough idea about astronauts, then you can get help from experts of the academic writing services. The education and training required to become an astronaut is explained below;
Get The Right Degree
If we talk about the degree requirements of NASA to become an astronaut, then we come to know that a candidate who wants to become an astronaut should acquire a bachelor’s degree in a STEM subject. In these STEM subjects, there come science, engineering and technology etc. Anyhow, an engineering degree is considered as an ideal degree to become an astronaut.
Have Great Eyesight
Just like a pilot, if you want to become an astronaut, then your eyesight should also be impressive. 20/20 vision is required for a person who wants to become an astronaut. If you don’t have 20/20 eyesight, then there is no need to lose hope because your eyesight will be corrected by surgery. After the surgery, you will have to wait at least one year in order to commence training.
Handle The Pressure
An astronaut faces a lot of low and high barometric pressure situations in the space and water. Therefore, it is one of the most important requirements of NASA that if you want to become an astronaut, then you will have to pass a physical test. According to NASA, they select such a person as a candidate of an astronaut who has a blood pressure of 140/90. For this reason, they check the blood pressure of a candidate in various conditions. If the blood pressure of a person is according to their standards, then they select him otherwise they reject him.
The height of a person is also an important factor if you want to become an astronaut. According to NASA, they select only those candidates who have a height of 158 to 190 centimetres. These height requirements are for commander and pilot astronaut. Anyhow, for a mission specialist, the height requirements are 149 to 193 centimetres.
Cope With Long Distance Relationships
There are some space missions that require months for their completion. If a person wants to become an astronaut, then he should have enough abilities to cope with long-distance relationships.
Clock 1,000 Hours Of Jet Pilot Experience
NASA also takes flight test experience from their candidates. NASA prefers those candidates for astronauts who have an experience of clock 1,000 hours of a jet pilot. Anyhow, if you don’t have enough experience, then you can get this experience during training.
Survive The Vomit Comet
As we know that as we go higher and higher in the space, then the effect of gravity will be decreased. At some point in the space, it will be zero. This is known as vomit comet. The astronauts should have enough abilities to survive themselves during vomit comet.